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East Africa drought in numbers


Jul 24, 2011 12:00:00 AM

Drought in the Horn of Africa is affecting some 12 million people, the most severe food security crisis in Africa since the 1991-1992 Somalia famine.

Here are some facts and figures on the scale of the crisis, according to UN and aid agency sources.

-- The worst drought for decades has struck Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Djibouti. Secretive Eritrea is also believed to be affected.

-- 2.23 million: the number of children estimated to be acutely malnourished in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia alone.

-- Tens of thousands are estimated to have died.

-- 720,000: the number of children at risk of death without urgent assistance.

-- Up to 350,000 people affected in Somalia's two famine-struck areas of southern Bakool and Lower Shabelle regions, with fears famine could spread to all eight regions of southern Somalia.

-- Nearly half of Somalia's estimated 10 million people are facing a food crisis.

-- One-quarter of war-torn Somalia's entire population is displaced.

-- 50 percent: the rates of malnutrition in some parts of Somalia, the highest in the world.

-- Two-years: the length of an ongoing aid ban by Al-Qaeda-inspired Shebab rebels who control famine-struck areas.

-- $1.6 billion: the amount UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has urged donor countries to come up with in aid to combat the crisis.

-- Up to 90 percent of livestock upon which people depend has died in some areas.

-- 1,295: the number of Somali refugees arriving every day at Kenya's Dadaab camp in recent weeks. The Dadaab complex now hosts more than four times its initial capacity of 90,000 when it was set up in 1991.

-- Famine is declared when at least 20 percent of households face extreme food shortages, acute malnutrition in over 30 percent of people, and two deaths per 10,000 people every day.


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